Nuevas posibilidades de expresividad del hormigón: definición, componentes y clasificación de sistemas de encofrado flexible = New possibilities of concrete expressiveness: definition, components and classification of fabric formwork systems

Elena Malpartida Vázquez, Alfonso García Santos


doi:10.20868/ade.2021.4771

Abstract


Los sistemas de encofrado flexible generan nuevas posibilidades de expresión en elementos de hormigón. El presente artículo clasifica los sistemas de encofrado flexible y su principal componente la membrana contenedora, establece además una terminología en castellano y definición adecuadas a esta tecnología de encofrados. Este articulo sistematiza el uso de procedimientos de construcción de encofrados flexibles asociando sistemas y tipología de encofrados con la forma del objeto de hormigón a construir. Se establecen 8 tipologías de sistemas y 16 grupos de membranas. Se muestran los procesos y grupo de membranas empleadas en 19 de los sistemas de encofrado flexible más representativos. Los sistemas seleccionados permiten la construcción de todo tipo de elementos de hormigón, la flexibilidad de la membrana permite ampliar el abanico de formas y explotar al máximo las posibilidades creativas y de expresividad del hormigón

Abstract

Flexible formwork systems generate new expression possibilities in concrete elements. This article classifies flexible formwork systems and their main component the container membrane, also establishes a terminology in Spanish and definition appropriate to this formwork technology. This article systematizes the use of fabric formwork construction procedures by associating formwork systems and typology with the shape of the concrete object to be constructed. 8 types of systems and 16 groups of membranes are established. The processes and group of membranes used in 19 of the most representative flexible formwork systems are shown. The selected systems allow the construction of all kinds of concrete elements, the flexibility of the membrane allows to expand the range of shapes and make the most of the creative and expressive possibilities of concrete


Keywords


encofrados flexibles; sistemas de encofrados; hormigón; nuevas formas; membranas de encofrado; fabric formwork; formwork systems; concrete; new forms; membrane materials

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