Mejora del rendimiento térmico de los edificios históricos "difíciles de tratar" en el centro de Edimburgo = Improving The Thermal Performance of "Hard-to-Treat" Historic Buildings in Edinburgh’s New Town.

Julio Bros Williamson, Jon Stinson, Alasdair Reid, John Currie


doi:10.20868/ade.2016.3195

Full Text: PDF

Abstract


Resumen

 

Compuestos alternativos en el sector de la envolvente se obtienen por extrusión de estirado de secciones y perfiles de panel de enclavamiento estrechas. Estos elementos estructurales, resistentes al impacto, tienen la ventaja de una instalación más rápida y segura, y su diseño modular les hace idóneos para muchos edificios y otras aplicaciones. Un desarrollo adicional en esta área puede ser la obtención de una alternativa sostenible a los perfiles compuestos actuales. Estudios anteriores han demostrado que los compuestos fabricados a partir de materiales naturales tales como fibras y polímeros bio-derivados, ofrecen una alternativa sostenible a los polímeros y materiales compuestos tradicionales. El objetivo de este desarrollo es reemplazar el típico perfil de acero ligero. Los perfiles de acabado también se pueden utilizar para terminar tabiques de mampostería existentes, revestimiento de ejes mecánicos y de extracción y revestimiento de la columna. Los perfiles se han diseñado utilizando bio-polímeros, reforzados con fibras naturales. Se han establecido los parámetros de procesamiento y las formulaciones apropiadas de bioresina y fibras naturales. También se ha evaluado la adaptación de las técnicas de procesamiento de pultrusión existentes a las características concretas de los nuevos biomateriales y fibras naturales. Como resultado, los perfiles de pultrusión adaptados a la construcción se han desarrollado con la incorporación de nuevos materiales y biomateriales basados en resina.

 

Abstract

 

This paper documents an innovative partnership project between Historic Scotland, the Scottish Energy Centre at Edinburgh Napier University and Castle Rock Edinvar Housing Association in which five Category B Listed, traditional pre-1919, solid wall ‘hard-to-treat’ residential tenement properties located within Edinburgh’s historic UNESCO World Heritage site each received energy efficient upgrades to walls and windows. A variety of measures were tested, achieving significant reductions in fabric heat loss without impacting upon the character and appearance of the buildings. The project is significant in that the energy-efficient upgrades all met with strict conservation requirements on alterations to Listed Buildings and have the potential to be replicated in similar properties throughout Scotland. The project won the award for best refurbishment project at the Carbon Trust’s Low Carbon Building Awards in 2012. All of the properties featured in this study are occupied by tenants within the social-rented sector who prior to the study had indicated some thermal discomfort due to poor window conditions and high heat loss through walls causing increase fuel consumption. The occupants all remained in their homes during the refurbishment activities. 


Keywords


Biomateriales compuestos; fibras naturales; pultrusión; perfiles; envolvente del edificio; Energy efficiency; conservation; refurbishment; historic buildings.

References


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