Retrofit de la construcción mediante paneles prefabricados: una reseña del estado del arte = Building Retrofit through prefabricated panels: an overview on the state of the art.

Elena Seghezzia, Gabriele Masera


doi:10.20868/ade.2015.3136

Abstract


Resumen

El objetivo principal de este paper es ofrecer una reseña del utilizo de sistemas de paneles prefabricados en el retrofit de edificios. El retrofit representa un punto focal de la eficiencia energética, considerando el gran numero de edificios existentes, privados y públicos, en Europa. La necesidad de intervención en este ámbito es enfatizada por las Directivas Europeas, y por la roadmap de Horizon 2020. Varias investigaciones y proyectos se centran en el tema de la prefabricación en el retrofit, enfatizando la importancia de esta estrategia. La reseña de el estado del arte muestra los diferentes enfoques de los paneles prefabricados: una clasificación critica de estos proyectos diferencia entre sistemas basados en grandes o pequeños paneles, sistemas de ampliación basados en paneles estructurales y sistemas parcialmente prefabricados. Esta clasificación es útil porque consiente posibles progresos en este campo, enfatizando los adventajas y desventajas de cada sistema. Los asuntos mas importantes son los de diseño, fabricación, transporte y instalación. Una reseña de estos asuntos es también provista, enfatizando los campos de innovación, y los posibles futuros desarrollos de la prefabricación en el retrofit de las construcciones.

 

Abstract

The main aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the use of prefabricated panels in external building retrofitting. Building retrofit represents a pivotal point in terms of energy efficiency, connected to the great amount of existing buildings, both public and private, all around Europe. The need of intervention is underlined by different European Directives, as well as by Horizon 2020 roadmap. Many research works and projects are focusing on the theme of prefabrication in retrofit, stressing the importance of this strategy. The review of the state of the art shows several approaches in terms of prefabricated panels: a critical classification of these projects distinguish between systems based on large and small panels, systems for extensions based on structural panels, and partially prefabricated systems. The classification is useful as it can help in understanding further development of prefabricated panels, underlining the advantages and disadvantages of the systems. The main challenges are linked to design, fabrication, transport and installation. An overview of those issues is also provided, stressing the main innovation fields to be further investigated, and the possible future developments of prefabrication in building retrofit.


Keywords


Reconversión de edificios; paneles prefabricados; Building retrofit; prefabricated panels; building envelope; energy retrofit. envolvente del edificio; adaptación energética ;

References


Aapaoja, A., & Haapasalo, H. (2014). The Challenges of Standardization of Products and Processes in Construction. Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean (pp. 983-993). Oslo: Akademika forlag.

Advances in Housing Renovation - Processes, Concepts and Technologies, IEA SHC Task 37. (2011). Herkel, S.; Kagerer, F.

Aschauer, J. (2006). Makartstrasse Linz: a new quality of living - Passive House retrofitting of an apartment building. Responsive building elements and integrated building concepts.

Bertelsen, S. (2005). Modularisation: a third approach to making construction lean? 13th International Group for Lean Construction Conference: Proceedings, (pp. 81-88). Sydney.

BPIE. (2011). Europe's buildings under the microscope. A country-by-country review of the energy performance of buildings. Buildings Performance Institute Europe.

BPIE. (2013). Boosting Building Renovation: an overview of good practices.

Commission, E. (2013). Energy-efficient buildings: multi-annual roadmap for the contractual PPP under Horizon 2020.

Zhenjun Ma, Paul Cooper, Daniel Daly, Laia Ledo, Existing building retrofits: Methodology and state-of-the-art, Energy and Buildings, Volume 55, December 2012, Pages 889-902, ISSN 0378-7788, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2012.08.018.

ECTP, & E2B. (2014). Energy-efficient Buildings - EeB PPP Project Review.

Jonsson, H. (2015). Production System Classification Matrix: Matching Product Standardization and Production-System Design. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management .

Malighetti, L. (2011). Refurbishment Bois-Le-Pretre tower in Paris. Arketipo - n. 67, 92-103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000965

Masera, G., Iannaccone, G., & Salvalai, G. (2014). Retrofitting the existing envelope of residential buildings: Innovative technologies, performance assessment and design methods. Advanced Building Skins - Conference Proceedings of the 9th ENERGY FORUM, (pp. 987 - 994). Bressanone.

O'Connor, J., O'Brien, W., & Choi, J. (2014). Critical success factors and enablers for optimum and maximum industrial modularization. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 140(6). http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000842

Pan, W., Gibb, A., & Dainty, A. (2008). A decision support matrix for build system selection in housing construction. International Journal for Housing Science and Its Applications(32 (1)), 61-79.

Schankula, A. (2009). Aktive Hulle. Fassadentechnik .

Schwer, P., Fischer, R., & Geier, S. (2011). Retrofit Strategies Design Guide. EMPA - Building Science and Technology Lab.

Silva, P., Almeida, M., Bragança, L., & Mesquita, V. (2013). Development of prefabricated retrofit module towards Nearly Zero Energy Buildings. Build (56), 115-125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2012.09.034

Von der Energieschleuder zum Passivhaus. (2014). EnEv im Bestand, 14 - 21.

Zimmermann, M. (2011). ECBCS Project Summary Report: Annex 50 Prefabricated Systems for Low Energy Renovation of Residential Buildings . EMPA - Building Science and Technology Lab.




Copyright (c) 2016 Autor / BY-NC

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.