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La Smart City como imaginario socio-tecnológico

Manuel Fernández González


doi:10.20868/ciur.2016.109.3498

Texto completo: PDF

Resumen


El planteamiento de la presente tesis se basa en la revisión del discurso subyacente en la visión predominante de las smart cities como imaginario tecnológico generalizado en la agenda de las políticas urbanas. El objetivo principal es ofrecer un marco de análisis para comprender las preconcepciones que están detrás de la narrativa de las ciudades inteligentes tal como ha sido presentado por sus proponentes más destacados. Este imaginario discursivo y práctico remite a una serie de conceptos teóricos y supuestos beneficios con fuertes implicaciones en la configuración de las políticas urbanas y a las que se ha atendido escasamente hasta ahora. Dichos elementos son enmarcados por los actores dominantes del discurso a través de un nuevo régimen discursivo sobre la ciudad y sobre la tecnología con unas consecuencias inmediatas sobre la vida en la ciudad y sobre el papel de las políticas urbanas. Desarrollamos para eso un marco analítico para entender el despliegue de la smart city como imaginario a través de un régimen discursivo particular, y realizamos una disección de sus argumentos explícitos y consecuencias implícitas como marco de referencia urbano, utilizando para ello el concepto de mito como significantes ideológicos que soportan esta narrativa. Partiendo de su caracterización como imaginario hegemónico, planteamos en último lugar su carácter particular y su capacidad de pasar de la representación simbólica a la encarnación en la realidad a través de proyectos que están transformando las ciudades contemporáneas.

 

Abstract:

The approach of this thesis disertation is based on the review of the underlying narrative from the prevailing view of the smart cities as widespread technological imagery on the agenda of urban policies. The main objective is to provide an analytical framework for understanding the preconceptions behind the narrative of smart cities as it has been presented by its leading proponents. This discursive and practical imaginary refers to a series of theoretical concepts and benefits with strong implications in reshaping urban policies, which have been poorly attended so far. These elements are framed by the dominant players of speech through a new discursive regime over cities and technology with some immediate impact on city life and the role of urban policies. We develop an analytical framework for understanding the deployment of the smart city as imaginary through a particular discursive regime, and perform a dissection of its explicit arguments and implied consequences as part of urban reference, using the concept of myth as signifiers ideological supporting this narrative. Based on its characterization as a hegemonic imaginary, we define its ability to move from the symbolic to the embodiment in reality representation through projects that are transforming contemporary cities.

 


Palabras clave


Smart City; imaginarios; socio-tecnológico; eficiencia; optimización; sostenibilidad; big data

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