Implementation of BIM in infrastructure: the need to address it from the public sector = Implementación de BIM en infraestructura: la necesidad de abordarlo desde el sector público

Santiago Alsina Saltarén, Laura Gutierrez Buchelí, Jose Luis Ponz Tienda, Monica Sierra Aparicio


doi:10.20868/bma.2018.3.3843

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Abstract


Abstract

The implementation of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in infrastructure projects involves the private sector and the public sector. The participation of the first one is widely documented; however, the role of the second one has not been rigorously studied. Consequently, this paper raises the need to implement BIM in infrastructure projects in Colombia, demonstrating the importance of the government initiative, leadership and regulation. The role that the public sector must play is evidenced, both for acting as owner of the infrastructure projects and for the lessons learned from the leading and pioneer countries in BIM. It is established that the use of BIM is enhanced and accelerated from the moment that the public sector adopts a position to promote its implementation. Therefore, this article defines the different roles that the public sector can take to encourage the use of BIM. Likewise, it proposes a BIM governmental roadmap for Colombia that can be extrapolated to countries with an economy, an idiosyncrasy and a similar level of BIM implementation. Also serving as a starting point for the development of standards, strategies and programs that encourage the implementation of BIM at a national level.

Resumen

La implementación de Building Information Modeling (BIM) en proyectos de infraestructura involucra al sector privado y al sector público. La participación del primero está ampliamente documentada, sin embargo, el rol del segundo no ha sido rigurosamente estudiado. Consecuentemente, este artículo plantea la necesidad de implementar BIM en los proyectos de infraestructura en Colombia, demostrando la importancia de la iniciativa, el liderazgo y la regulación del gobierno. Se evidencia la necesidad del rol que debe jugar el sector público, tanto por actuar como dueño de los proyectos de infraestructura, como por las lecciones aprendidas de los países líderes y pioneros en BIM. Se establece que el uso de BIM se potencializa y se agiliza desde el momento en que el sector público adopta una postura para promover su implementación. Por lo tanto, este artículo define los diferentes roles que puede adoptar el sector público para impulsar la utilización de BIM. Así mismo, propone una hoja de ruta gubernamental BIM para Colombia, extrapolable a países con una economía, una idiosincrasia y un nivel de implementación BIM similar. Sirviendo también como punto de partida para el desarrollo de estándares, estrategias y programas que incentiven la implantación de BIM a nivel nacional.

Keywords


BIM; Infrastructure; Public sector; Roadmap; Colombia; BIM; Infraestructura; Sector público; Hoja de ruta; Colombia

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