Conservation Of Agriculture And Crop Cultivation

yudi Anto


doi:10.20868/tf.2017.12.4726

Resumen


Intensive agriculture has a great impact on biodiversity and the environment around the world.

The development of agriculture natural've updated analysis in a variety of technologies such as pest control innate, selective breeding, agriculture and controlled environment.

Since the Year Nineteen eighty, the distortion is driven by the policy has seen a greater decline among the items of livestock rather than crops for reform around the world in the scope of agriculture.

The policy of national governments can greatly change the financial market for agricultural goods, in kind taxation, subsidies, tariffs, and various other actions.

Agricultural policy can even be associated with food of high quality, to guarantee the availability of food of consistently high quality, food security, ensure the availability of food to meet the needs of the population, and conservation.

Food demand inhabitants of the earth are projected, with the predictions of climate change today, it can be filled with the improvement of agricultural methods, expansion of agricultural area, and the mindset of the consumer-oriented sustainability.

There is a lot of influence in the creation of agricultural policy, including the buyer, the agribusiness lobby, trade, and different teams.

Shift following the agricultural change of the financial system, population distribution, vegetation cover, agriculture manufacturing, the level of the population, urban growth, the distribution of labor, cooking, diet and clothing in the entire Islamic world.

Agriculture contributes to climate change with greenhouse gas emissions of anthropogenic, and by the conversion of non-agricultural land which is similar to the forest for agricultural use.

Agricultural goods can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels and raw materials .

The degradation of the land and the diseases that are similar to stem rust is a major consideration globally; around 40% of the world's agricultural land is degraded significantly.

Agricultural chemicals that increase the production usually contaminate the soil and ground water and interfere with the food chain.

A great dependence on petrochemicals has raised considerations that the lack of oil can increase the cost and reduce the yield of the farm.

At the same time reported by mitra usaha tani, some farmers in indonesia are switching from a crop rotation of the two fields to crop rotation 3 fields in which one area of the three land left fallow every year.

In response, the organic farming developed in the twentieth century as a substitute for the use of artificial pesticides.

They do not use technology of farming that involves a chemical compound expensive or production strategy.

Although the plant illegal is usually to help farmers in the country cope with the shortage of food and agricultural markets are not predictable, financial dependence on the plant illegal is not sustainable in the long term.

This all happens in a system that mendisinsentifkan approach agriculture with progressive strengthening agricultural monocultures through the crop insurance program defects that make the land more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.

On the contrary, incentives systemic has helped lock in the practice of factory farming and monoculture, which often happens. This was said as to the effectiveness of agricultural larger, mixed with the rate of increase in value-added (for example the product that is processed in the extreme) that are supplied by the chain availability.

Agriculture is of increasing importance in the rise of human civilization that settled, where farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that allow people to live in the city.

Company of precision agriculture is to create technology that allows farmers to maximize yields by controlling every variable of agricultural plants according to the humidity level, stress pests, the state of the soil, and microclimate.

In Indonesia, and in other places, the price of food associated with food processing, distribution, and advertising of agriculture, which is generally known as the value chain, has risen while costs associated with agriculture has declined.

In the temperate climate, ecosystem dominated pasture or meadow, agriculture annual a very productive agricultural system that is dominant. Other improvements in the statistics of agriculture is to make the statistics associated with organic farming.

Development

The environmental impact of agriculture plant industry and CAFO is important. Of the progress of sustainable urban to maximize crop yields with the cost of labor is low, some great benefits of vertical farming in the room is clearly visible.

The development of technology to help provide the tools and assets for farmers to make agriculture more sustainable. For many farmers, the investment and the time needed to meet the requirements of the natural may be difficult, but there is a way to switch to sustainable agriculture extras without organic certification.

Scientists estimate that 75% of the growth in livestock production between 2003 and 2030 may be in operation feeding animals is limited, sometimes referred to as a unit of agricultural manufacturing. Vertical farm can control the variables such as light, humidity, and water to measure exactly along the years, food production increased with harvest reliable.

Farming strategy today has resulted in the assets of the water too much, the level of abrasion resistance and reduced soil fertility. Cover crops, farming strategy ancient, can help improve the welfare of the land, maintain the source of the water, and creates a field that is more resistant to changes in local weather.

Technology permits innovations like conservation tillage, farming process which helps prevent the loss of land due to erosion, reduce air pollution, water, and increase carbon sequestration. There is not enough water to continue farming using current practices; because of this fact the importance of the assets of the water, soil, and ecosystem used to boost crop yields must be reconsidered. These innovations allow the farming tasks are solved with speed and scale previously unimaginable, modern agriculture is main produce a much larger volume of high-quality products per unit of land.

 

The increase in the manufacture of food as a result of the increased expertise of the farm.

Aquaculture or fish farming, the production of fish for human consumption in operation limited, is one of the sectors of food manufacturing that is growing the most rapidly, rising by an average of 9% in the 12 months between 1975 and 2007.

To overcome this reluctance is an important task if farming becomes more sustainable in the future, said Neiger, significantly due to changes in local weather and soil thinning threaten the planet's capacity to produce enough food for future generations.

Exporting food or expertise agriculture of the countries with a surplus to countries that lack the will not clear up the problem of world hunger.

Palabras clave


pertanian;agrobisnis;budidaya pertanian

Referencias


“Illicit Crop Cultivation.” United Nations : Office on Drugs and Crime, //www.unodc.org/unodc/en/alternative-development/illicit-crop-cultivation.html. Accessed 3 Dec. 2021.

“Crops and Horticulture | Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs.” DAERA, 26 Apr. 2015, https://www.daera-ni.gov.uk/topics/crops-and-horticulture.

Crop Production | Sustainable Agricultural Mechanization | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. https://www.fao.org/sustainable-agricultural-mechanization/guidelines-operations/crop-production/en/. Accessed 3 Dec. 2021.

Agriculture Department | State Portal-Sikkim. https://sikkim.gov.in/departments/food-security-and-agriculture-development-department/crops. Accessed 3 Dec. 2021.

BMEL - Farming. https://www.bmel.de/EN/topics/farming/farming_node.html. Accessed 3 Dec. 2021.

Conservation Agriculture | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. https://www.fao.org/conservation-agriculture/en/. Accessed 3 Dec. 2021.


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