Arquitectura de aeropuertos : cuatro ejemplos de terminales aeroportuarias de la década de 1930 = Arquitecture of Airports. Four air terminal examples of the 30s

Concepción Bibián Díaz


doi:10.20868/cn.2014.2955

Texto completo: PDF

Resumen


Resumen

Este artículo se adentra en la reflexión sobre la arquitectura de los aeropuertos que se produjo en el momento del nacimiento de las primeras terminales de pasajeros, en la década de 1930. Antes de ese momento, el tráfico aéreo se desarrolla en Europa de forma más o menos desorganizada sirviéndose de  instalaciones improvisadas en aeródromos deportivos o militares. A partir de 1930 la aviación comercial se consolida como explotación comercial, convirtiéndose además en espejo de las aspiraciones de cada nación. Para ilustrar este proceso se presentan cuatro ejemplos de terminales de pasajeros, que se corresponden con cuatro realidades nacionales, contemporáneas pero muy distintas entre sí.

Abstract

During the 1930s Europe witnessed the coming to fruition of early efforts to create a new sort of building: the airport terminal. Architects and engineers struggled to define its essential layout and technical demands, as well as its cultural and aesthetic implications. ¿How did these first designers deal with the invention of a new kind of architectural type? Among many other, four examples of airport terminal have been chosen to illustrate the successes and failures of the first mature approaches to this type of building, which was born at the beginning of the 20th century and has been in constant revision up to the present time: Madrid-Barajas (1933), Paris-Le Bourget (1937), Dublin-Collinstown (1940) and Berlin- Tempelhof, (started in 1936).


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