Integration of the BIM execution plan with the guide to the project management body of knowledge (PMBOK®) of PMI (Project Management Institute) = Integración del plan de ejecución BIM con la guía para la dirección de proyectos (PMBOK®) de PMI (Project Management Institute)

Delmiro Cajade Sánchez, Patricia del Solar Serrano


doi:10.20868/bma.2018.3.3839

Abstract


Abstract

BIM (Building Information Modeling) has come to transform the way we create and manage construction projects. Its use is increasingly widespread both nationally and internationally. However, it is a work tool that must be integrated into the overall management of the project. That is why, for a correct BIM implementation in a project, we must have a BIM execution plan adapted to the needs of the client and which in turn is integrated into the project management plan. The PMI Project Management Guide (PMBOK®) is a compendium of internationally recognized good practices. This Standard proposes the necessary processes to manage a project successfully from the beginning to the end of it. These processes and how to apply them to a specific project are developed in the project management plan (PDP). When a project is developed with BIM tools, it is necessary to generate a document that in turn plans how and at what level BIM will be implemented, the BIM execution plan (BEP). To achieve the success of a project, the BEP must be perfectly integrated into the PDP. In this study, an exhaustive review of the existing bibliography and the main BEP guides developed and disseminated nationally and internationally was carried out. The planning guide for the BIM execution, developed by the "Computer Integrated Construction" with the PMBOK® guide, has also been compared. The result of this analysis is a first proposal of a process map for project management that integrates BIM processes. As a future line of research, we intend to develop a BEP that ensures the integration of BIM tools into a project management plan aligned with the PMBOK® guide.

Resumen

BIM (Building Information Modeling) ha venido a transformar la forma en que creamos y gestionamos los proyectos de construcción. Su uso cada vez se encuentra más difundido tanto a nivel nacional e internacional. Sin embargo, se trata de una herramienta de trabajo que debe integrarse en la gestión global del proyecto. Es por esto que para una correcta implementación BIM en un proyecto debemos contar con un plan de ejecución BIM adecuado a las necesidades del cliente y que a su vez se integre en el plan de dirección del proyecto. La Guía para la Dirección de Proyectos (PMBOK®) de PMI, es un compendio de buenas prácticas reconocidas a nivel internacional. Esta Norma propone los procesos necesarios para gestionar un proyecto con éxito desde el inicio hasta el cierre del mismo. Estos procesos y cómo aplicarlos a un proyecto concreto se desarrollan en el plan de dirección del proyecto (PDP). Cuando un proyecto se desarrolla con herramientas BIM es preciso generar un documento que a su vez planifique cómo y a qué nivel se va a implementar BIM, el plan de ejecución BIM (BEP). Para lograr el éxito de un proyecto el BEP debe quedar perfectamente integrado en el PDP. En este estudio se ha realizado una revisión exhaustiva de la bibliografía existente y de las principales guías BEP desarrolladas y difundidas a nivel nacional e internacional. También se ha comparado la guía de planificación para la ejecución BIM, desarrollada por el “Computer Integrated Construction” con la guía del PMBOK®. Fruto de este análisis se presenta una primera propuesta de mapa de procesos para la dirección d


Keywords


BEP; BIM; Integration; Project Management; BEP; BIM; Integración; Project Management

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