Requirements for a BIM execution plan (BEP): a proposal for application in Colombia = Requisitos para un plan de ejecución de BIM (BEP): propuesta de aplicación en Colombia

Juan Antonio Ramírez-Sáenz, Juan Martín Gómez-Sánchez, Jose Luis Ponz Tienda, Juan Pablo Romero Cortés, Laura Gutierrez Bucheli


doi:10.20868/bma.2018.2.3763

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Abstract


Abstract

The Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) Industry in Colombia is starting to implement Building Information Modeling (BIM) in their projects but in a much unorganized way. This issue could be attributed to a lack of unique and public BIM standards and guidelines for the implementation along with the inexistent support to the industry from the Government on the road to implementation. The BIM Execution Plan (BEP) is a procedural process that outlines the project’s overall vision with implementation details for the project team to follow throughout the project. In this study, the authors reviewed 20 BEPs searching for the presence of some identified and analyzed subcomponents to determine which documents were more robust. By performing a 27-question survey to understand how different BIM tools affect a BIM implementation, we investigated about the experience of some companies in the industry with five in depth interviews conducted to AEC Colombian professionals. Finally, a presentation of a BEP template that uses the analyzed documents and the identified problems in the interviews, along with an explanation of how was the use of information obtained to develop the new BEP template. Conclusions and recommendations are provided to enhance the BIM implementation in Colombia along with the template and the support files that can also help to develop and integrate future BIM process tools methodologies.

Resumen

La industria de Arquitectura, Ingeniería y Construcción (AEC) en Colombia está empezando a implementar Building Information Modeling (BIM) en sus proyectos, pero de una manera muy desorganizada. Este problema podría atribuirse a la falta de normas y pautas de carácter unificado y público para la implementación de BIM junto con el apoyo inexistente a la industria por parte del gobierno en el camino hacia dicha implementación. El Plan de ejecución BIM (BEP) es un procedimiento enmarcado en procesos BIM que describe la visión general del proyecto con detalles de implementación para que el equipo siga a lo largo del ciclo de vida del proyecto. En este estudio, los autores revisaron 20 BEPs en busca de la presencia de algunos subcomponentes identificados y analizados para determinar qué documentos eran más robustos. Al realizar una encuesta de 27 preguntas para comprender cómo diferentes herramientas BIM afectan su implementación, investigamos sobre la experiencia de algunas empresas en la industria con cinco entrevistas a profundidad realizadas a profesionales colombianos de AEC. Finalmente, hay una presentación de una plantilla de BEP que se basa en los análisis de los resultados y los problemas identificados en las entrevistas, junto con una explicación de cómo se utilizó la información obtenida para desarrollar la nueva plantilla de BEP. Se presentan conclusiones y recomendaciones para mejorar la implementación de BIM en Colombia, además de una plantilla y los archivos de soporte para que cada empresa que desee desarrollar su propio BEP pueda revisar la información presentada en este documento.


Keywords


Building Information Modeling (BIM); BIM Execution Plan (BEP); BIM Standards; BIM Guidelines; Colombia; Building Information Modeling (BIM); Plan de Ejecución BIM (BEP); Estándares BIM; Guías BIM

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