Implementation of BIM in Spanish construction industry = Implementación BIM en la industria española de la construcción

Silvia Andrés, Patricia del Solar, Aránzazu de la Peña, María Dolores Vivas

Abstract


Abstract

The Spanish construction industry has been subject to EU Directive 2014/24/UE. This directive allows member states to encourage, specify and even require the use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in construction projects financed by EU public funds as of 2016. The QBIMInvest Project (supported by the Universidad Europea de Madrid) has conducted a survey, which is the subject of this article, on the implementation of Building Information Modeling in the Spanish AEC industry. This research uses 548 responses from a sample of Spanish AEC professionals to demonstrate that currently BIM tools are only being used in the design stage of residential buildings. There are few cases of them being applied in the construction, operation and maintenance stages or in other project types. On the other hand, professionals think that they will need at least 3 to 5 years to finish implementing BIM in projects.

Resumen

La directiva UE 2014/24 invita a los Estados miembros a que fomenten, especifiquen y requieran el uso de Building Information Modeling (BIM) en los proyectos de construcción financiados con fondos públicos de la UE a partir de 2016. El Proyecto QBIMInvest (financiado por la Universidad Europea de Madrid) ha llevado a cabo una encuesta para conocer el uso de BIM en el sector AEC español. Las 548 respuestas, obtenidas de una muestra de profesionales españoles del sector, muestran que las herramientas BIM actualmente solamente están siendo utilizadas en la etapa de diseño de edificios residenciales. Hay pocos casos en los que se aplica en las etapas de construcción, operación y mantenimiento o en otros tipos de proyectos. Por otro lado, los profesionales piensan que van a necesitar por lo menos de 3 a 5 años para completar la integración de BIM en los proyectos.


Keywords


BIM; Architecture; Building Engineering; Construction; BIM; Arquitectura; Ingeniería de Edificación; Construcción

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