Gestión de la Dimensión Social de la Sostenibilidad en los Códigos de Edificación = Building Codes and the Management of Sustainability´s Social Dimension

Nestor Rouyet, Mercedes del Rio, Carmen Viñas


doi:10.20868/ade.2019.4042

Abstract


De acuerdo con la definición propuesta por las Naciones Unidas, el desarrollo sostenible se basa en tres dimensiones interrelacionadas: medio ambiente, economía y sociedad. A lo largo de las últimas tres décadas, la industria de la construcción ha adoptado esta definición centrándose principalmente en la dimensión medioambiental, descuidando la dimensión social. Al comparar ambas dimensiones, los parámetros medioambientales son medibles mediante unidades cuantitativas, lo que ha hecho posible su incorporación en los códigos de edificación a nivel internacional. Sin embargo, la dificultad para establecer valores cuantitativos adecuados a los parámetros sociales ha obstaculizado su incorporación en los códigos. Para facilitar la incorporación de factores sociales dentro de la industria de la edificación, se propone un enfoque teórico como base para desarrollar sistemas de valoración cuantitativos de los aspectos sociales en la edificación.

Abstract

As defined by the United Nations, a sustainable development relies on three interrelated dimensions: environment, economy, and society. Throughout the last three decades, the building industry has adopted the philosophy of sustainable development by focusing on the environmental dimension, but neglecting the social dimension. When comparing both dimensions, environmental parameters are measurable by quantitative units, which have made their implementation in mandatory building codes feasible. However, the challenging nature to provide appropriate quantitative standards for social parameters prevented their incorporation in building codes. To promote the development of social sustainability within the building industry, this paper aimed to provide a preliminary approach to develop standards that addressed social aspects and health within indoor built environments, so that their incorporation in building codes may be feasible in the near future


Keywords


Sostenibilidad Social; Entornos Construidos; Edificación Regenerativa; Estándares; Salud; Social sustainability; built environments; regenerative; standards; health

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